The dairy sector in Ethiopia has a large potential due to the country’s large livestock population and ample market opportunities for its value chain development. On the other hand, the large population, with low productivity attributed to proportionally higher greenhouse gas emissions. However, the number of greenhouse gases emissions from dairy cattle of the study area associated with practices and technologies used to reduce greenhouse gas emission were not assessed. The study intended to estimate greenhouse gas emissions and identify interventions for enhancing dairy value chains. The study used multistage random sampling to select 183 sampled household heads. GLEAM-i procedures for data analysis and SPSS version 20 were applied for statistical analysis.


About 95% of Ethiopian agricultural product is mainly produced by rural smallholder farmers with low production. The low agricultural production and productivity in Ethiopia are due to backward agricultural technologies and limited access to improved inputs. Farmers who do not participate in irrigation have less knowledge on the importance of small-scale irrigation, they produce once a year and they are dependent on the rainfed crop.


Climate change refers to the increase of earth temperature due to the release of gases such as Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous oxide, Methane, and Ozone into the earth’s atmosphere,  Climate change, and Climate variability present a challenge for researchers attempting to quantify its local impact due to the global scale of likely impact and the diversity of agricultural systems Similarly, the effect of climate change on vegetation can be dramatic, due to variations in the amount of CO available for photosynthesis. This study was to assess the effect of the climate variability on maize production and investigate the adaptation strategy of smallholder farmers in the study area five kebeles were Selected for household Sampling and the Sampling procedure was both Systematics and purposive Selection.


Climate variability and change have been adversely affecting the livelihoods of smallholder farmers through their impact on crop and livestock production thereby affecting the adaptive capacity of the smallholder farmers in developing countries. In order to minimize the impact of climate change/variability, various kinds of CSA practices and technological interventions were being made globally and locally in Ethiopia.


Title: Adoption of Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies and Determinants Choice of Adaptation Strategies to Climate Variability in Midhega District, Eastern Ethiopia.  Ahmed Abdella,   Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Agricultural productivity in Midhega Tola is constrained by climate-related risks to include prolonged dry seasons, more frequent and intense drought, increased incidence of pests and diseases.

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National Measuring, Reporting and Verification Capacity Building Towards Climate Resilient Development in Ethiopia.

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